It has become very popular on social media these days than when the Britishers were building Oxford and Cambridge universities, our rulers were building the Taj Mahal.
Taj Mahal: A Remarkable Icon of Mughal’s Architectural Sciences
For the past few years, our television channels have been running programs based on white lies in the name of education. And it is an attempt to make people believe that when universities were opening in Europe, Muslim kings were building the Taj Mahal and the Shalimar Gardens.
This article is based on the relevant columns of different authors and part of the research of professors, historians, or researchers which I found to be correct after personal research. In this article, I have fewer words of my own and more words of the above personalities. I will give the testimony of history later, first I would like to give a lesson of basic intellect, if an intelligent person had sat in these channels or programs, it would not have been difficult for him to understand that the construction of such magnificent buildings of the Muslim era which were built with great creativity would not have been possible without two things. The first is the detailed architectural skills, which include the sciences of mathematics, geometry, physics, chemistry, and even the design of structures. Second, the economic condition of the country has to be so strong that its rulers can afford to build such magnificent buildings.
Economically, India accounted for an average of 25% of the world’s GDP during the Muslim period in general and the Mughal period in particular (Akbar-Alamgir). Imports were very low and exports were very high and today economists know that a successful country is one whose exports are high and whose imports are low. In the seventeenth century, the French traveler Francois Bernier came to India and says that there are heaps of gold and silver in every corner of India. That is why the Mughal Empire of India was called the Golden Sparrow.
Now come to the object of construction.
Mathematics Behind the Iconic Construction Of Taj Mahal:
The details of architecture that can be seen in Taj Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Shalamar Bagh, Humayun’s Tomb, Diwan-e-Khas, etc., suggest that their architects had reached the pinnacle of their knowledge of geometry. The four minarets of the Taj Mahal are only half an inch tilted outwards so that dome won’t get devastated if they fall because of an earthquake.
All this is not possible with the laying of mason bricks, it involves the nuances of mathematical calculation. The entire Taj Mahal stands on a 90 feet deep foundation filled with sand till 30 feet in order to protect this great monument from severe plate tectonic movements.
Taj Mahal’s Exceptional Well Foundation Setup And Optical Illusion:
But even more surprising is that this great masterpiece has been built on the banks of the river and such a great construction on the bank of the river Yamuna was a challenge in itself, for which the science of “Well Foundation” was introduced for the first time, through which a network of numerous foundations was dug which were hundreds of feet deeper beneath the river bed and were then filled with heavy rocks, thus protecting the Taj Mahal from the damages of the river forever.
Entering the building, the view is full of Optical Illusions. It is a model of Islamic, Persian, Ottoman, Turkish, and Hindi architecture simultaneously and this analysis was made after a detailed understanding of calculations and geometry. Professor Eba Koch (University of Venice) has recently decoded the Islamic spiritual aspect of the Taj Mahal, and many more secrets may come to light in the future. The British introduced “Well Foundation” in the 19th century and “Optical Illusions” in the 20th century and this stunning Taj Mahal was completed in the mid-seventeenth century using these methods. Today, if we try to build Taj Mahal using modern machinery and modern science, it is almost impossible to do so, despite the cost of 1000 million.
Tile Mosaic & Fresco Paintings Of Taj Mahal:
Let’s come to ‘Tile mosaic’ now, it is an art, in which pictures are made on the wall with small colored tiles and the wall is carved. This art can be seen in the one-kilometer-long carved wall of the Royal Fort of Lahore and in the Wazir Khan Mosque. In order to create the colors used in them, you need to have a thorough knowledge of Chemistry taught in the present age. The same is true of fresco paintings, whose colors even four hundred years later, have not faded to this day.
Outstanding Water And Swerage System:
Underground pipes made of terra cotta for sewerage and water supply are found in buildings built in all Mughal periods. Despite the passage of many centuries, they still exist in their original state. If one tries to acquire a thorough knowledge of Muslim architecture and form a curriculum on the scientific scales of the present age, one will need several Ph.D. degrees to learn only one architecture in its entirety. Could all this have happened in the Sub-Continent where ignorance is rampant and whose rulers hate knowledge? It was the Muslim education system that was the same for all, from which scholars, mathematicians, mystics, economists, doctors, philosophers, rulers, and engineers came out at the same time. Whether it was Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi (RA) or Jhangir or Ustad Ahmed Lahore, all of them grew up in the same education system despite belonging to different families, therefore their thinking was for human interest. I will further present the testimonies of Western writers.
What non-Muslim historians had stated about the Muslim civilization of the Sub-continent?
Will Durant is the most famous historian and philosopher in the Western world. In his book Story of Civilization, he wrote about Mughal India:
“Every village had a schoolmaster, who was paid by the government. Before the arrival of the British, there were 80,000 schools in Bengal alone. There was one school for every 400 people, 6 subjects were taught in these schools. Grammar, Arts and Crafts, Medicine, Philosophy, Logic, and Related Religious Teachings. “
In his other book A Case For India he wrote;
“During the Mughal period, there were 125,000 such institutions in the Madras region alone, where medical knowledge was taught and medical facilities were available.”
Major MD Basu wrote many books on British Raj and earlier India, in one of his writings he quoted Max Muller German-born philologist and Orientalist;
“Before the arrival of the British in Bengal, there were 80,000 madrassas,”
During the reign of Aurangzeb Alamgir, a tourist named Alexander Hamilton came to India. He wrote that in the city of Thatta alone there were 400 colleges teaching sciences and arts. Major Basu further wrote;
“The education of the common man of India, i.e., philosophy, logic, and science, was beyond the reach of the English rulers, even the king and queen.”
James Grant’s, an American writer and publisher report is also worth mentioning. He wrote;
“The practice of dedicating property to educational institutions was first started by Muslims around the world. When the British took complete control of India in 1857, in the small district of Rohail Khand alone, 5,000 teachers were paid from the state coffers. “
British and Hindu historians agree that the rise of education reached its zenith in the age of universalism. It was the Great Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir who for the first-time dedicated properties with sacred places of worship of all religions. The government has set stipends for those who work there. The 3 Hindu historians of that period, Sajan Rai Khatri, Bhim Sen, and Ishwar Das are very well known. Sajan Rai Khatri wrote “Khalasa Al-Tawarikh”, Bhim Sen wrote “Nuskha Dilksha” and Ishwar Das wrote “Fatuhat Alamgiri”.
The three Hindu authors agreed that for the first time in India, Alamgir developed a complete curriculum on medical education and compiled books such as Medicine of Akbar, Fun of Hearts, Definition of Diseases, Experiences of Akbari, and Prophetic Medicine, and promoted them in colleges to provide a high level of medicine study at that time, all these books are parallel with today’s MBBS curriculum. Several hundred years before Aurangzeb, Feroze Shah established a hospital in Delhi called Darul Shifa. It was Alamgir who compiled the Feroz Shahi textbooks for teaching in colleges. In his time there were more than a hundred hospitals in Delhi alone.
Thousands of such testimonies can be presented from history (see the census report of each district in the Anarkali mausoleum in Lahore). You will find the literacy rate in each district above 80% which was the highest internationally in its time, later it descended to a mere 10% and all schools and colleges were reduced to rubble when the British left the country,
Edmund Brooke made it clear that the East India Company continued to plunder wealth which caused India to fall into the depths of misfortune. Then, to destroy the country, Lord Carnival opened the first seminary in 1781. Before that, there was no division of religious and secular education. The Qur’an, philosophy, and science were also taught in the same madrassa. These are the testimonies of history. But this false and intimidating system does not stop the advertisers if they want to do the business of lies, visit Taj Mahal you can be sure then that it was a difficult task to get out of the spell of that building and it was a matter of pride and surprise, it seems impossible to build such a masterpiece in spite of the non-existence of the machine in these periods. Take a look at Mughal architecture in Lahore. You will be amazed at the achievements of engineering because when Europe was building universities, Mughals were standing at the zenith of knowledge, logic, and science. But it also obscures our great history where the current oppressive system makes us its clerk for its assistance. There is a lot to end writing but I will end with a golden view.
“The biggest weakness of Muslims today is that they have been swept away by the propaganda of the media.”
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